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研究方向为综合运用多种脑成像技术(fMRI, fNRIS, ERP, EEG)和脑刺激技术(tDCS)研究儿童与成人高级认知功能的脑机制及其和情绪之间的相互影响,具体包括心理理论的脑机制、结果评价的神经机制及其影响因素;同时也关注精神疾病如焦虑症、自闭症等对成人与儿童社会认知功能的影响及其神经机制。



Tang, H., Lu, X., Su, R., Liang, Z., Mai, X*., Liu, C.* (in press) Washing away your sins in the brain: physical cleaning and priming of cleaning recruit different brain networks after moral threat. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience.

Zhu, R., Jin, T., Shen, X., Zhang, S., Mai, X*., Liu, C*. (2017). Relational utility affects self-punishment in direct and indirect reciprocity situations. Social Psychology. 48(1):19-27.

Zhu, R., Shen, X., Tang, H., Ye, P., Wang, H., Mai, X*., & Liu, C*. (2017). Self-Punishment Promotes Forgiveness in the Direct and Indirect Reciprocity Contexts. Psychological Reports, 0033294117697087.

叶佩霞,朱睿达,唐红红,买晓琴*,刘超*. (2017). 近红外光学成像在社会认知神经科学中的应用. 心理科学进展,25(5)1-11.

Zhang, J., Feng, C., & Mai, X.* (2016). Automatic emotion regulation in response inhibition: The temporal dynamics of emotion counter-regulation during a go/no-go task. Psychophysiology, 53(12), 1909-1917.

Mai X, Zhang W, Hu X, Zhen Z, Xu Z, Zhang J and Liu C (2016) Using tDCS to Explore the Role of the Right Temporo-Parietal Junction in Theory of Mind and Cognitive Empathy. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:380.

Wang L, Feng C, Mai X*, Jia L, Zhu X, Luo W, Luo, Y*. (2016) The Impact of Perceptual Load on the Non-Conscious Processing of Fearful Faces. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0154914.

Sturza, J., Silver, M. K., Xu, L., Li, M., Mai, X., Xia, Y., Shao, J., Lozoff, B. & Meeker, J. (2016). Prenatal exposure to multiple pesticides is associated with auditory brainstem response at 9months in a cohort study of Chinese infants. Environment international, 92, 478-485.

Silver, M. K., Li, X., Liu, Y., Li, M., Mai, X., Kaciroti, N., ... & Lozoff, B. (2016). Low-level prenatal lead exposure and infant sensory function.Environmental Health, 15:65.

Gan, T., Lu, X., Li, W., Gui, D., Tang, H., Mai, X., Liu, C., & Luo, Y. J. (2016). Temporal Dynamics of the Integration of Intention and Outcome in Harmful and Helpful Moral Judgment. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 2022.

Tang, H., Mai, X., Wang, S., Zhu, C., Krueger, F., & Liu, C. (2016). Interpersonal brain synchronization in the right temporo-parietal junction during face-to-face economic exchange. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 23-32. 

张文莉, 唐红红, 刘超, 买晓琴* . (2016). 多人交互同步记录技术在大脑神经活动测量中的应用. 心理与行为研究, 14 (6): 834-841.

孙慧杰, 买晓琴* . (2016). 职场八卦:作用及影响因子. 中国人力资源开发, 21: 45-53.

Mai, X., Tardif, T., Xu, L., Li, M., Kileny, P.R., Shao, J., & Lozoff, B. (2015). Temporal processing in the auditory brainstem response by full-term 6-week- and 9-month-old infants. Scientific Reports, 5: 12647.

Zhu, R., Liu, C., & Mai, X*. (2015). Chinese characteristic religiosity: Comment on Jing's study. Psychological Reports, 116(1): 322-323.

Geng, F., Mai, X., Zhan, J., Xu, L., Zhao, Z., Georgieff, M., Shao, J., & Lozoff, B. (2015). Impact of Fetal-Neonatal Iron Deficiency on Recognition Memory at 2 Months of Age. The Journal of pediatrics, 167(6): 1226-32.

Lee, S. W., Tang, H., Wan, J., Mai, X., & Liu, C. (2015). A cultural look at moral purity: wiping the face clean. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:577.

Lou, J., Mai, X., Lozoff, B., Kileny, P. R., Felt, B. T., Zhao, Z., Shao, J. (2015). Prenatal Iron Deficiency and Auditory Brainstem Responses at 3 and 10 Months: A Pilot Study. Hong Kong Journal Of Paediatrics, 20(2): 71-79.

Wu, H., Ge, Y., Tang, H., Luo, Y. J., Mai, X., & Liu, C. (2015). Language modulates brain activity underlying representation of kinship terms. Scientific reports, 5.

申学易, 买晓琴*, 刘超*. (2015). 基于互联网平台的大数据收集在社会认知研究中的应用. 科学通报, 60(11): 986-993.

Mai, X., Xu, L., Li, M., Shao, J., Zhang, Z., Lamm, C., Fox, N.A., Nelson, C. A., & Lozoff, B. (2014). Sounds elicit relative left frontal alpha activity in 2-month-old infants. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 94(3): 287-291.

Li, W., Mai, X*., & Liu, C*. (2014). The Default Mode Network and Social Understanding of Others: What do Brain Connectivity Studies Tell Us. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 74.

Geng, F., Mai, X., Zhan, J., Xu, L., Shao, J., Meeker, J., & Lozoff, B. (2014) Low-Level Prenatal Lead Exposure Alters Auditory Recognition Memory in 2-Month-Old Infants: An Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) Study. Developmental Neuropsychology, 39(7): 516-528.

Liu, C., Tardif, T.*, Wu, H., Monk, C. S., Luo, Y. J., & Mai, X*. (2013). The representation of category typicality in the frontal cortex and its cross-linguistic variations. Brain and language,127: 415-427.

Wu, H., Mai, X. *, Tang, H., Ge, Y., Luo, Y., Liu, C*. (2013). Dissociable somatotopic representations of Chinese action verbs in the motor and premotor cortex. Scientific Reports, 3: 2049.

Gu, Y., Mai, X., Luo, Y. (2013). Do Bodily Expressions Compete with Facial Expressions? Time Course of Integration of Emotional Signals from the Face and the Body. PLoS ONE 8(7): e66762. 

Chonchaiya, W., Tardif,T., Mai, X., Xu, L., Li, M., Kaciroti, N., Kileny,P., Shao, J., Lozoff, B. (2013). Developmental trends in auditory processing can provide early predictions of language acquisition in young infants. Developmental Science, 16(2): 159-172.

Li, M., Zhu, Li., Mai, X., Shao, J., Lozoff, B., Zhao, Z. (2013). Sex and gestational age effects on auditory brainstem responses in preterm and term infants. Early human development, 89(1): 43-48.

Mai, X., Xu, L., Li, M., Shao, J., Zhang, Z., deRegnier, R., Nelson, C. A., & Lozoff, B.  (2012). Auditory recognition memory in 2-month-old infants as assessed by event-related potentials. Developmental Neuropsychology, 37(5): 400-14.

Feng,C., Wang, L., Liu, C., Zhu, X., Dai, R., Mai, X.*, Luo, Y*. (2012). The Time Course of the Influence of Valence and Arousal on the Implicit Processing of Affective Pictures. PLoS ONE, 7(1): e29668.

Chen, C., Liu, C., Huang, R., Cheng, D., Wu, H., Xu, P., Mai, X., Luo, Y. (2012). Suppression of aversive memories associates with changes in early and late stages of neurocognitive processing. Neuropsychologia, 50(12):2839-2848.

Liu, C., Tang, H., Luo, Y., Mai, X*. (2011). Multi-representation of symbolic and nonsymbolic numerical magnitude in Chinese number processing. PLoS ONE, 6(4): e19373.

Mai, X., Tardif, T., Doan, S. N., Liu, C., Gehring, W.J., Luo, Y. (2011) Brain activity elicited by positive and negative feedback in preschool-aged children. PLoS ONE, 6(4), e18774.

Mai, X., Ge, Y., Tao, L., Tang, H.H., Liu, C., Luo, Y. (2011). Eyes are windows to the Chinese soul: Evidence from the detection of real and fake smiles. PLoS ONE, 6(5): e19903.

Sun, S., Mai, X., Liu, C., Liu, J, & Luo, Y. (2011). The processes leading to deception: ERP spatiotemporal principal component analysis and source analysis. Social Neuroscience. 6(4):348-59.

Wu, J., Yu, Z., Mai, X., Wei, J., & Luo, Y. (2011). Pitch and loudness information encoded in auditory imagery as revealed by event-related potentials. Psychophysiology, 48(3), 415-419.

Wu, J., Mai, X., Yu, Z., Qin, S., & Luo, Y. (2010). Effects of discrepancy between imagined and perceived sounds on the N2 component of the event-related potential. Psychophysiology, 47, 289-298.

Liu, C., Ge, Y., Mai, X., Luo, Y. (2010). Exploring the conceptual and semantic structure of human kinship: An experimental investigation of Chinese kin terms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 392-394.

Liu, C., Tardif, T., Mai, X., Simms, N., Gehring, W. J., & Luo, Y. (2010). What’s in a name? Brain activity reveals categorization processes differ across languages. Human Brain Mapping. 31(11):1786-1801.

Monk, C.S., Telzer, E.H., Mogg, K., Bradley, B.P., Mai X., Louro, H.M.C., Chen, G., McClure-Tone, E.B., Ernst, M., & Pine, D.S. (2008). Amygdala and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex activation to masked angry faces in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65, 568-576.

Liu, C., Zhang, W., Tang, Y., Mai, X., Chen, H., Tardif, T., & Luo, Y. (2008). The visual word form area: evidence from an fMRI study of implicit processing of Chinese characters. NeuroImage, 40, 1350-1361.

Telzer, E.H., Mogg, K., Bradley, B.P., Mai X., Ernst, M., Pine, D.S., & Monk, C.S. (2008). Relationship between trait anxiety, prefrontal cortex, and attention bias to angry faces in children and adolescents. Biological Psychology, 79, 216-22.

Wu, J., Mai, X., Chen, C., Zheng, Y., & Luo, Y. (2006). Event-related potentials during mental imagery of animal sounds. Psychophysiology, 43, 592-597.

Mai, X., Luo, J., Wu, J., & Luo, Y. (2004). “Aha!” effects in a guessing riddle task: An ERP study. Human Brain Mapping, 22, 261-270. (cover paper)

买晓琴, 罗跃嘉. 自然物体分类的ERP研究. 心理科学进展, 2004, 12 (2): 168-175

刘超, 买晓琴, 傅小兰. 不同注意条件下的空间-数字反应编码联合效应. 心理学报, 2004, 36(6): 671-680

刘超, 买晓琴, 傅小兰. 内源性注意与外源性注意对数字加工的不同影响. 心理学报, 2005, 37(2): 167-177

买晓琴, 罗跃嘉. 事件相关电位P300在痴呆诊疗中的应用. 中国临床康复, 2002, 6 (23): 3520-3521

买晓琴, 罗跃嘉. 美国的物理治疗专业(PT)学位培养计划. 中国康复理论与实践, 2001, 7 (1): 31-32

罗跃嘉,买晓琴. 美国国家心理健康研究所介绍. 心理学动态, 2001, 9 (1): 88-94


1.复杂认知活动中结果评价的脑机制. 买晓琴. 北京:科学出版社. 201612月出版

2. Luo, Y., Sun, S., Mai, X., Gu, R., & Zhang, H. (2011). Outcome Evaluation in Decision Making: ERP Studies. In S. Han & E. Popper (Eds.), Culture and Neural Frames of Cognition and Communication (pp. 249-285). On Thinking 3, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

3. 罗跃嘉, 高原, 买晓琴. (2006). 脑磁图. 赵志奇、陈军(主编). 现代神经科学研究技术 (pp. 925-952). 北京:科学出版社.

4. 罗跃嘉,买晓琴. (2002). 视觉加工的两条通道. 魏景汉,罗跃嘉(主编). 认知事件相关脑电位教程 (pp. 46-54). 北京:经济日报出版社

5. 罗跃嘉,南云,买晓琴. (2002). 关于人类认知ERP研究的指导手册. 魏景汉,罗跃嘉(主编). 认知事件相关脑电位教程 (pp. 318-336). 北京:经济日报出版社1, 9 (1): 88-94




北京师范大学认知神经科学与学习国家重点实验室开放课题(项目负责人):Neural correlates of emotion regulation in preschoolers (CNLYB1212),2013.1-2015.12 (已结题)

中央高校专项基金中国人民大学明德学者研究计划(项目负责人):多人交互模式下儿童结果评价的脑机制(13XNLJ02),2013.4-2014.12 (已结题)




国家自然科学基金委员会重大研究计划《非常规突发事件的应急管理》的小型集成专题项目(主要参与人):应对非常规突发事件的抗逆力模型集成方法(913241020),2014.1-2016.12 (已结题)



2016至今 神经管理与神经工程研究会 理事

2008至今 brain research, Journal of Psychophysiology, Psychological Reports, PlosONE, 心理学报, 心理科学 等杂志审稿人