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讲座教授

伍锡洪

 伍锡洪
Ng Sik Hung
院士(FRSNZ)
 
讲座教授(非全職)
社会心理学及相关领域的研究应用

Email: ng5566@netvigator.com
 
学习简历
 
香港大学社会科学学士(荣誉BSocSc(Hons)(HKU)
香港大学社会科学硕士 MSocSc(HKU)
英国布理斯特大学哲学博士 PhD(Bristol)


工作简历
 
新西兰奥它高大学(Otago University)讲师/高级讲师/副教授(1976-1992)
新西兰惠灵顿维多利亚大学(Victoria University of Wellington )心理学教授(1992-2003)
香港城市大学(City University of Hong Kong)社会心理学讲座教授(2000-2012)
新西兰惠灵顿维多利亚大学心理系主任(1993-19951999-2000

专业学会及政府公職
 
国际语言与社会心理学会会長 President of The International Association of Language and Social Psychology (2004-2006)
亚洲社会心理学会会長 President of The Asian Association of Social Psychology (2007-2009)
亚洲社会心理学报资深编辑(2012-今)
香港特区政府临时最低工资委员会成员(2009-2010)
香港特区政府中央政策组非全职顾问(2009, 2010

榮譽
 
新西兰皇家学院院士(FRSNZ)
英国心理学会院士(FBPsS)
国际语言与社会心理学会院士(FIALSP)
亚洲社会心理学会终身成就奖(AASP Lifetime Achievement Award)


研究领域
 
伍教授从事社会心理学及相关领域的研究和应用,曾获得新西兰(近200万新西兰元)、香港(600多万元港币)和英国(9多万英磅) 各政府30余项科研项目资助,发表和出版了高水平的论文和著作。


(1) 伍锡洪在香港大学完成本科和硕士课程后,获得英国文化协会奖学金赴英国的Bristol University 深造,以硏究个体之间和组团之间的权力关系取得社会心理学专业博士学位。其硏究突破了导师 Henri Tajfel 教授的社会身份认同论 (Social Identity Theory),提出政治笵畴化 (political categorization), 权力比较 (power comparison) 和权力转变 (power change) 的理论,为权力社会心理学提供了发展的条件。先后出版了The Social Psychology of Power (1980, London & New York: Academic Press) 专书和发表了多篇国际性学术期刊的文章。近年研究恐佈主义和组团之间的信任。

(2) 伍教授的第二个研究领域,是结合了社会心理学和社会语言学,在这跨领域的基础上,展开了两类硏究。其一是探讨语言对思维的隱性影响,使用阈下知觉 (subliminal perception) 实验,证明当人使用男性化的英语时(如 “All men are created equal”),他们会想起男人而较少想起女人。其后运用顺摄抑制 (proactive inhibition in memory) 实验,证明男性英文字如 masculine generics 中的 man 和 his, 在语言使用者的思维上基本是属于男性语笵畴 (masculine linguistic category), 而非男女通用的笵畴。这些新颖的实验,成功破解了语言性别岐视 (linguistic sexism) 的悬案。其二是和美国加州大学 (University of California at Santa Barbara)  James Bradac 教授合作,縂结了社会心理学、社会语言学和 传播学对语言权力功能的硏究成果,合著了Power in Language: Verbal Communication and Social Influence (1993, London & Newbury Park: Sage)和提出语言的五种权力功能。其后伍教授运用这个理论构架,配合语话分析 (conversation analysis),成功分辨了领导和非领导的语话行为,和证明了在华人移民三代家庭内,中年父母所扮演的沟通代际关系的中间人的角色 (intergenerational communication broker)。伍教授近年进一步从社会心理暨社会语言的角度分析了《人民曰报》有关全球一体化、改革开放和中国崛起的媒体语篇 (media discourse),羸取了国际出版社 Sage 的 3rd Biannual Journal of Language and Social Psychology Top Paper Award (2011)。另外的一项研究探讨了英语对国内大学国际化的影响。


(3) 第三个研究领域,是社会心理学的应用。重点之一是社会老龄化、老人照顾和孝道的互动。其中有关新西兰华人移民社会中孝道的转变,贏得了亞洲社会心理期刊 (Asian Journal of Social Psychology) 和日本 Japanese Group Dynamics Association  Musumi Award (2001)。伍教授对在新西兰的白人和少数民族如华人毛利人老龄化的硏究和关注,获得新西兰全国老人协会(Age Concern) 和政府硏究基金的支持,主办了三届的硏讨会,联同 Judy Davey 教授创立了全国性的 New Zealand Institute for Research on Ageing (1999), 为新西兰的积极晚年国家政策 National Policy Framework on Positive Ageing 提供意见。2001年后,伍教授在香港和中国大陆展开了老龄问题的科研。
最近的应用性硏究,是探讨人类价值观 (human values) 和文化、经济发展的关系,及华人在跨文化接触和全球一体化影响下,如何发展成为中西双文化人,具备了怎么样的中西自我概念和脑神经。此外,联合英国的学者深入了解在英国的华侨在文化社交等方面的適应和多元民族认同发展与双文化身我慨念的关系。

(4) 伍教授是亚洲社会心理学会和国际语言与社会心理学会的核心领导成员,多年来领导学会发展,成功促进两者互相交流。伍教授现任多份国际学术期刊编委和亚洲社会心理学期刊的资深编辑(Senior Editor)。亚洲社会心理学会于20138月授终身成就奖与伍教授,表扬他三十多年来在学术硏究和其应用、领导学会、培育后进和社会服务上的贡献。这是学会自1995年创立至今第一次颁授终身成就奨,正好与伍教授于1996年成为新西兰第一位社会心理学家被其皇家学会 (The Royal Society of New Zealand) 封为国家级院士前后互相呼应


书丶专著(部分)
 
Ng, S.H., Cheung, S.Y.L., & Brakash, B. (Eds.) (2010). Social Capital in Hong Kong: Connectivities and Social Enterprise. Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong Press. xxvi+352pp
Ng, S.H., Candlin, C.N., & Chiu, C.Y. (Eds.) (2004). Language Matters: Communication, Culture and Identity. Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong Press. xv+519pp.
Ng, S.H., Weatherall, A., Liu, J.H., & Loong, C.S.F. (Eds.) (1998). Ages Ahead: Promoting Inter-generational Relationships. Wellington: Victoria University Press. 143pp.
Ng, S.H. & Bradac, J.J. (1993). Power in Language: Verbal Communication and Social Influence.  Newbury Park, London, & New Delhi: Sage. x+228pp.
Ng, S.H. (1980). The Social Psychology of Power. London & New York: Academic Press. xi+280pp.

国际期刊论文(部分)
 
Ng, T. K., Ng, S. H., & Ye, S. (2016). Assimilation and contrast effects of culture priming among Hong Kong Chinese: The moderating roles of dual cultural selves. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 47540-557. DOI: 10.1177/0022022116631826
Sun, J. J.-M., Hu, P., & Ng, S.H. (2016). Impact of English on education reforms in China: with reference to the learn-English movement, the internationalisation of universities and the English language requirement in college entrance examinations. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. DOI:10.1080/01434632.2015.1134551
Ye, J., & Ng, S.H. (2015), An intermediary enhances out-group trust and in-group profit expectation of Chinese but not Australians. International Journal of Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/ijop.12199
Rochelle, T.L., Shardlow, S.M., & Ng, S.H. (2015). Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour to Explain Use of Traditional Chinese Medicine among Hong Kong Chinese in BritainEvidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. DOI:10.1155/2015/564648
Ng, T. K., Rochelle, T. L., Shardlow, S. M., & Ng, S. H. (2014). A transnational bicultural place model of cultural selves and psychological citizenship: The case of Chinese immigrants in Britain. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 40, 440-450. DOI:10.1016/j.jenvp.2014.10.005
Warburton, J., Ng, S.H., & Shardlow, S.M. (2013). Social inclusion in an ageing world. Ageing and Society, 33, 1-15.
Ng, S.H., Ye, J., & Lee, C.C. (2011). Media discourse on globalization in China: A social-psychological analysis.  Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 30138-157.
Ng, S.H., & Lai, J.C.L. (2011).  Bicultural self, multiple social identities and dual patriotisms among ethnic Chinese in Hong Kong.   Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42, 89-103.
Kim, J., Ng, S.H., & Kim, J. (2010). Psychological trauma of rapid social transformations: Korea's economic crisis and Hong Kong after the reunification. Historical Social Research-Historische Sozialforschung, 35, 120-150.
Ng, S.H., Han, S., Mao, L., & Lai, J.C.L. (2010). Dynamic bicultural brains: fMRI study of the flexible neural representation of self and significant others in response to culture primes. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 13, 83-91.
Ng, S.H., & Lai, J.C.L. (2009).  Effects of cultural priming on the social connectedness of the bicultural self: A self-reference effect approach.   Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 170-186.
Allen, M., Ng, S.H., Ikeda, K., Jawan, J.A., Sufi, A.H., Waninara, W., Wilson, M., Yang, K.S. (2007). Two decades of cultural value change and economic development in eight East Asian and Pacific Island nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38, 247-269.
Liu, J.H., & Ng, S.H. (2007). Connecting Asians in global perspective:  Special issue on past contributions, current status, and future agenda of Asian social psychology.  Asian Journal of Social Psychology10, 1-7. 
Ng, S.H. (2007). From language acculturation to communication acculturation: Addressee-orientations and communication brokering in family conversations. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 26, 75-90.
Reid, S.A. & Ng, S.H. (2006). The dynamics of intragroup differentiation in an intergroup social context. Human Communication Research32, 504-525.
Allen, M.W., Ng, S.H., & Leiser, D. (2005). Adult economic model and values survey: Cross-national differences in economic beliefs. Journal of Economic Psychology26, 159-185.
Lai, J. C. L., Evans, P., Ng, S. H., Chong, A. M. L., Siu, O. T., Chan, C. L. W., Ho, S.Y. M., Ho, R. T. H., Chan, P., & Chan, C. C. (2005). Optimism, positive affectivity, and salivary cortisol. British Journal of Health Psychology10, 467-484.
Ng, S.H., Kam, P.K., & Pong, R.W.M. (2005). People living in ageing buildings: Their quality of life and sense of belonging. Journal of Environmental Psychology25, 347-360.
Ng, S.H., He, A., & Loong, C.S.F. (2004). Tri-generational family conversations: Communication accommodation and brokering. British Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 449-464.
Allen, M.W., & Ng, S.H. (2003). Human values, utilitarian benefits and identification: The case of meat. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 37-56.
Ng, S.H., & Zhu, Y. (2001). Attributing causality and remembering events in individual- and group-acting situations: A Beijing, Hong Kong, and Wellington comparison. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 4, 39-52.
Giles, H., Noels, K., Ota, H., Ng, S.H., Gallois, C., Ryan, E.B., Williams, A., Lim, T-S., Somera, L, Tao, H., & Sachdev, I. (2000). Age vitality across eleven nations. Journal of Multilingual & Multicultural Development21, 308-323.
Liu, J.H., Ng, S.H., Weatherall, A., & Loong, C.S.F. (2000). Filial piety, acculturation, and inter-generational communication among New Zealand Chinese. Basic and Applied Social Psychology22, 213-223.
Ng. S.H., & Liu, J.H. (2000). Cultural revolution in psychology. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 3, 289-293.
Ng, S.H., Loong, C.S.F., He, A.P., Liu, J.H., & Weatherall, A. (2000). Communication correlates of individualism and collectivism: Talk directed at one or more addressees in family conversation. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 19, 26-45.
Ng, S.H., Loong, C.S.F., Liu, J.H., & Weatherall, A. (2000). Will the young support the old? An individual- and family-level study of filial obligations in two New Zealand cultures. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 3, 163-182.
Reid, S.A., & Ng, S.H. (2000). Conversation as a resource for influence: Evidence for prototypical arguments and social identification processes. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 83-100.
Allen, M., & Ng, S.H. (1999). The direct and indirect influences of human values on product ownership.  Journal of Economic Psychology, 20, 5-39.
Hong, Y-Y, Abrams, D., & Ng, S.H. (1999). Social identifications during political transition – The Hong Kong 1997 experience. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 23, 177-185.
Reid, S.A., & Ng, S.H. (1999). Language, power and intergroup relations. Journal of Social Issues55, 119-139.
Yue, X., & Ng, S.H. (1999). Filial obligations and expectations in China: Current views from young and old people in Beijing. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 2, 215-226.
Ng, S.H. (1998). Social psychology in an ageing world: Ageism and intergenerational relations. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 1, 99-116. 
Ng, S.H., Liu, J., Weatherall, A. & Loong, C.S.F. (1997). Younger people's communication experiences and contact with elders and peers. Human Communication Research, 24, 82-108.
Doise,W., Spini, D., Jesuino, J.C., Ng, S.H. & Emler, N. (1994). Values and perceived conflicts in the social representations of human rights: feasibility of a cross-national study. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 53, 240-251.
Ng, S.H., Bell, D. & Brooke, M. (1993). Gaining turns and achieving high influence ranking in small conversational groups. British Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 265-275.
Ng, S.H., Cram, F. & Jenkins, L. (1991). A proportional hazards regression analysis of employee turnover among nurses in New Zealand. Human Relations, 44, 1313-1330.
Ng, S.H. (1990). Androcentric coding of man and his in memory by language users. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 26, 455-464.
Ng, S.H. (1989). Intergroup behaviour and the self. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 18, 1-12.
Ng, S.H. & Wilson, S. (1989). Self-categorisation theory and belief polarisation among Christian believers and atheists. British Journal of Social Psychology, 28, 47-56.
Ng, S.H. & Cram, F. (1988). Intergroup bias by defensive and offensive groups in majority and minority conditions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 749-757.
Wilson, E. & Ng, S.H. (1988). Sex bias in visual images evoked by generics: A New Zealand study. Sex Roles, 18, 159-169.
The Chinese Culture Connection (Ng, S.H. & 21 co-authors) (1987). Chinese values and the search for culture-free dimensions of culture. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 18, 143-164.
Ng, S.H. (1984). Equity and social categorisation effects on intergroup allocation of rewards. British Journal of Social Psychology, 23, 165-172.
Ng, S.H. (1978). Minimal social categorisation, political categorisation, and power change. Human Relations, 31, 765-79. 

其它(部分)
 
Ng, S. H., & Stolte, J. F. (under review). Power in intergroup communication. Article commissioned by John Wiley for The International Encyclopedia of Intercultural Communication. 
伍錫洪丶葉嘉雯丶吳挺堅 (2013)。 全球一體化和雙文化對硏究華人心理的啓示。出自: 葉光輝 主編《華人的心理與行為:全球化脈絡下的硏究反思》 (79-106頁)。臺北中央硏究院民族學硏究所出版。
He, A., & Ng, S.H. (2013). Language attitudes in China. In H. Giles and B.M. Watson (Eds.), The social meanings of languages, dialects, and accents: An international perspective (pp. 125-140). New York: Peter Lang.
Ng, S.H., & Ng, T.K. (2012). Power of messages through speech and silence. In H. Giles (Ed.), The handbook of intergroup communication (pp. 116-127). New York: Routledge.
Ng, S.H., Ye, S.S., & Ho, W.C. (2012). National consciousness in post-1997 Hong Kong: Adolescents’ construction of patriotism and identity. (後97國民意識:香港青少年如何建構愛國情操與身分認同). Reported submitted to the Central Policy Unit, HKSAR Government. xx+271 pp.
Ng, S.H. (with 12 other members of the Provisional Minimum Wage Commission) (2010). Report of the Provisional Minimum Wage Commission. Report submitted to The Honourable Donald Tsang, The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region, PRC. 191 pp.
Ng, S.H., & Han, S. (2009).  The bicultural self and the bicultural brain.  In R.S. Wyer, C.-y. Chiu, & Y.-y. Hong (Eds.) Understanding Culture: Theory, Research and Application (pp. 329-342). New York: Psychology Press.
Ng, S.H. (2008).  Power in intergroup settings.  In W. Donsbach (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of CommunicationVolume VIII (pp. 3852-3858).  Malden, MA: Blackwell.
伍錫洪,莊明蓮,關銳煊,洪佩琪,黎鳳儀及梁君國 (2006). 老年形象焦點小組研究。 香港特別行政區政府總部衛生福利及食物局特約研究報告。382頁。
Reid, S. A., & Ng, S. H. (2003). Identity, power, and strategic social catgegorizations: Theorizing the language of leadership. In van Kippenberg, D., & Hogg, M. A. (Eds.). Identity, Leadership, and Power (pp. 210-223). London, UK: Sage.
Ng, S.H. (2002). Will families support their elders? Answers from across cultures. In T. Nelson (Ed.). Ageism: Stereotyping and Prejudice against Older Persons (pp. 295-309). Cambridge, MASS: MIT Press.
Ng, S. H. (2001). Influencing through the power of language. In J. P. Forgas & K. D. Williams (Eds.). Social Influence: Direct and Indirect Processes (pp. 185-197) Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
Gallois, C., Giles, H., Ota, H., Pierson, H.D., Ng, S.H., Lim, T.-S., Maher, J., Somera, L.B., Ryan, E.B., & Harwood, J. (1999). Intergenerational communication across the Pacific Rim: The impact of filial piety.  In J.-C. Lasry, J. Adair, & K. Dion (Eds.). Latest contributions to Cross-Cultural Psychology (pp. 192-211). Lisse, Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.
Ng, S.H. (1996). Power: An essay in honour of Henri Tajfel. In W.P. Robinson (Ed.). Social Identity: The Developing Legacy of Henri Tajfel (pp. 191-214). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Ng, S.H. (1984). Social psychology and political economy. In H. Tajfel (Ed). Social Dimension: European Contributions to Social Psychology (Vol. 2) (pp. 624-645). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Ng, S.H. (1982). Power and intergroup discrimination. In H. Tajfel (Ed). Social Identity and Intergroup Relations (pp.179-206). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Ng, S.H., Akhtar-Hossain, A.B.M.,Ball, P.J., Bond, M.H., Hayashi, K., Lim, S.P., O'Driscoll, M.P., Sinha, D. & Yang, K.S. (1982). Human values in nine countries. In R. Rath, H.S. Asthana, D.Sinha & J.H.B. Sinha (Eds.). Diversity and Unity in Cross-cultural Psychology (pp.196-205). Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger B.V.